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MiVaBo Handicapped Parking Proposal

Restriping Parking Lots

When a government or business restripes a parking lot, it must provide accessible parking spaces as required by a standard acceptable guideline. In cased of no paved or unstriped lots, it will be difficult unless poles with signs spaced accordingly are installed.

In addition, businesses or privately owned facilities that provide goods or services to the public have a continuing obligation to remove barriers to access in existing parking lots when it is readily achievable to do so. Because restriping is relatively inexpensive, it is readily achievable in most cases.

This brief based on ADA regulations helps provide key information about how to create accessible car and van spaces and how many spaces to provide when parking lots are restriped on Bonaire.


Accessible Parking Spaces for Cars
Accessible parking spaces for cars have at least a 60-inch-wide (150cm) access aisle located adjacent to the designated parking space. The access aisle is just
wide enough to permit a person using a wheelchair to enter or exit the car. These parking spaces are identified with a sign and located on level ground.


Van-Accessible Parking Spaces
Van-accessible parking spaces are the same as accessible parking spaces for cars except for three features needed for vans:

  • a wider access aisle (96"/240 cm) to accommodate a wheelchair lift;

  • vertical clearance to accommodate van height at the van parking space, the adjacent access aisle, and on the vehicular route to and from the van-accessible space, and

  • an additional sign that identifies the parking spaces as "van accessible."


One of eight accessible parking spaces, but always at least one, must be van-accessible.

(illustration showing a van with a side-mounted wheelchair lift
lowered onto a marked access aisle at a van-accessible parking space.
A person using a wheelchair is getting out of the van.
A dashed line shows the route from the lift to the sidewalk.)


Minimum Number of Accessible Parking Spaces

ADA Standards for Accessible Design 4.1.2(5)

Total Number of Parking Spaces   Provided (per lot)

(Column   A)
  Total Minimum Number of Accessible Parking Spaces (60" & 96"   aisles)

Van-Accessible   Parking Spaces with min. 96" wide access aisle

Accessible   Parking Spaces with min. 60" wide access aisle

1 to 25




26 to 50




51 to 75




76 to 100




101 to 150




151 to 200




* one out of every 8 accessible spaces ** 7 out of every 8 accessible parking spaces


Features of Accessible Parking Spaces for Cars


(plan drawing showing an accessible parking space for cars
with a 96 inch wide designated parking space,
a 60 inch wide min. marked access aisle and the following notes)

  • Sign with the international symbol of accessibility mounted high enough so it can be seen while a vehicle is parked in the space.

  • If the accessible route is located in front of the space, install wheel stops to keep vehicles from reducing width below 36 inches. (90 cm)

  • Access aisle of at least 60-inch (150 cm) width must be level (1:50 maximum slope in all directions), be the same length as the adjacent parking space(s) it serves and must connect to an accessible route to the building. Ramps must not extend into the access aisle.

  • Boundary of the access aisle must be marked. The end may be a squared or curved shape.

  • Two parking spaces may share an access aisle.


Three Additional Features for Van-Accessible Parking Spaces


(plan drawing showing a van-accessible parking space
with a 96 inch wide designated parking space, a 96 inch wide min.
marked access aisle and the following notes)

  • Sign with "van accessible" and the international symbol of accessibility mounted high enough so the sign can be seen when a vehicle is parked in the space

  • 96" 240 cm ) min. width access aisle, level (max. slope 1:50 in all directions), located beside the van parking space

  • Min. 98-inch-high clearance at van parking space, access aisle, and on vehicular route to and from van space


Accessible parking spaces must be located on the shortest accessible route of travel to an accessible facility entrance. Where buildings have multiple accessible entrances with adjacent parking, the accessible parking spaces must be dispersed and located closest to the accessible entrances.

When accessible parking spaces are added in an existing parking lot, locate the spaces on the most level ground close to the accessible entrance. An accessible route must always be provided from the accessible parking to the accessible entrance. An accessible route never has curbs or stairs, must be at least 3- feet (90 CM) wide, and has a firm, stable, slip-resistant surface. The slope along the accessible route should not be greater than 1:12 in the direction of travel.

Accessible parking spaces may be clustered in one or more lots if equivalent or greater accessibility is provided in terms of distance from the accessible entrance, parking fees, and convenience. Van-accessible parking spaces located in parking garages may be clustered on one floor (to accommodate the 98-inch (250 CM) minimum vertical height requirement).